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May 2, 2018

The Young Returners

There’s always a risk in jumping to conclusions – particularly if that conclusion suits your argument. However it is becoming increasing hard to resist drawing some sort of correlation between population growth and community land ownership. Particularly in the islands, population decline has been spectacularly reversed with community ownership. Gigha and Eigg have been notable successes and now something similar is being witnessed in Uist. Most of the islands there have been in community ownership for 11 years and in that time the birth rate has increased by two thirds. A research project if ever there was.


Community Land Scotland

It is a striking fact that the registered births in Uist in the Outer Hebrides for 2015, 2016 and 2017 show a 67 per cent increase compared to a decade ago (2005/06/07). There were 13 registered births in December 2017 alone, compared to just 19 registered births throughout the whole of 2007.

And a recent study of 469 young people on Uist, the seven inhabited islands stretching from Eriskay to Berneray, shows a trend with young economically active islanders returning or staying, and young people new to Uist settling on the islands.

In fact, of the 469 young people surveyed, most in their 20s and 30s, HALF of them are returners or newcomers.

Just as significant, many of these young people have children.  Between them the 469 young people have 253 children.  Four out of 10 of these children live on Uist because both their parents have chosen to return or settle on Uist.

So not only has the number of registered births on Uist gone up by two-thirds in the past decade.  Young people returning or settling on the islands are bringing additional children registered on the mainland.  For example, the babies registered in Uist in 2005 numbered only 25.  They are now in S1 in the secondary school on Uist, but there are actually 62 pupils in S1!

There is plenty of anecdotal evidence that these young people, and these young families, are changing the feel of communities throughout Uist.

             Local people have commented that numbers in Mums and Tots groups have ‘doubled’, while the nurseries that take the youngest children are full.

             The brand new school on North Uist now has close to 90 pupils rather than the 70 expected when it was being built in 2015-16.

             Particular townships are changing, such as Locheport on North Uist, that has recently experienced a rise from just 2 children to 11 now.

             When the recent survey put out a facebook message looking for young people between leaving school and turning 40, the survey quickly received 146 responses, which increased the survey sample by 100.

             At least 1 in 10 of the young people in the survey have set up their own businesses:  builders and trades; hairdressers and beauticians; landscape gardening and grass cutting; cafe and pub; architects; gift shop; 5 IT based businesses; dog grooming; craft businesses and knitwear; photography and music; bike hire; childminding; managing crofts; and a planned distillery.

Often these changes have gone unnoticed because Uist is now very different from the rest of the Outer Hebrides.  The number of registered births has declined by 15 per cent in Lewis and Barra over the past decade, while Harris has seen a modest increase of 10 per cent. 

With additional young people and families returning or settling, Uist communities are noticing a new dynamism and optimism, and it is possible that population decline on Uist is finally bottoming out.

The reasons in all recent surveys for young people and families wanting to stay, return or settle on the islands are the same: because of the environment, safety, peace and quiet, and strong sense of community.

At a meeting of young returners, participants commented: “social life here on Uist is so much better than in Glasgow.  In Glasgow we just went to the local pub, here we end up going to ceilidhs and community events, and get involved in helping out in these activities.”

The quality of education is another important factor for families.  One newcomer parent said “my child has made more progress in the first few months in school here than in the whole previous year in a city school”.

And school children on Uist now have a huge choice of affordable activities and clubs outside school: football, athletics, swimming and kickboxing, music and instrumental classes, Highland and Irish dancing, drama, ….  And many of these clubs, such as the North Uist Amateur Athletics Club and the Lorna Laird School of Irish Dancing, as well as the renowned Sgoil Lionacleit Pipe Band, regularly come back from the mainland or abroad with trophies.

Returning young people are settling in greater numbers on North Uist (including Berneray and Grimsay) and on South Uist and Eriskay.  This presents a real challenge to public sector policy for Uist which has long taken an approach of ‘managing decline’, leading to the centralisation of services on Benbecula, the island in the middle of Uist.  The most recent example is the plan to close the three dental clinics on Uist and centralise all dental services in Balivanich.

This survey reveals that young people are in fact settling away from the centre.  And the closure of the first dental clinic on South Uist has already led to a drop in numbers of children attending dental services targeted at children.

The overall challenge for Uist is now to enable even more young people to stay, return or settle on the islands.  While many are setting up their own business, jobs are clearly a critical factor.

The recent survey shows which sectors are important for jobs for young people.  The private sector, especially fishing and marine-based jobs, construction, retail, hospitality, and transport are critical in generating jobs that allow young people to stay: more than two-thirds of the 150 jobs identified in these sectors were taken up by young people who have stayed.

In contrast, the public sector, especially in health and education, is more prominent in attracting returners.  Half of the 73 public sector jobs identified have gone to returners, and 22 per cent more to newcomers.

And the survey reveals the vital importance of the community sector for island economies.  Charities, social enterprises and community groups generate 1 out of 10 of all the jobs for young people.

This community-based survey would not have been possible without the determination and commitment of Theona Morrison from Grimsay, who first saw the need to look at the profile of young people on Uist.  Thomas Fisher, formerly of Cothrom, contributed a lot to the data analysis, while Gemma Steele, the Project Manager of Caraidean Uibhist, the befriending organisation on Uist, is herself a young returner to Uist, and contributed significantly to the survey through her extensive local knowledge and social media networks.  It is important to note that 469 is a sample, and is not everyone in this age group living in Uist.